Plots the results of spatial autocorrelation tests for a variety of functions within the package. The x axis represents the Moran's I estimate, the y axis contains the values of the distance thresholds, the dot sizes represent the p-values of the Moran's I estimate, and the red dashed line represents the theoretical null value of the Moran's I estimate.

  point.color = viridis::viridis(
    option = "F",
    direction = -1
  line.color = "gray30",
  option = 1,
  ncol = 1,
  verbose = TRUE



A model fitted with rf(), rf_repeat(), or rf_spatial(), or a data frame generated by moran(). Default: NULL


Colors of the plotted points. Can be a single color name (e.g. "red4"), a character vector with hexadecimal codes (e.g. "#440154FF" "#21908CFF" "#FDE725FF"), or function generating a palette (e.g. viridis::viridis(100)). Default: viridis::viridis(100, option = "F")


Character string, color of the line produced by ggplot2::geom_smooth(). Default: "gray30"


Integer, type of plot. If 1 (default) a line plot with Moran's I and p-values across distance thresholds is returned. If 2, scatterplots of residuals versus lagged residuals per distance threshold and their corresponding slopes are returned. In models fitted with rf_repeat(), the residuals and lags of the residuals are computed from the median residuals across repetitions. Option 2 is disabled if x is a data frame generated by moran().


Number of columns of the plot. Only relevant when option = 2. Argument ncol of wrap_plots.


Logical, if TRUE, the resulting plot is printed, Default: TRUE


A ggplot.

See also


if(interactive()){ #loading example data data(plant_richness_df) data(distance.matrix) #fitting a random forest model rf.model <- rf( data = plant_richness_df, = "richness_species_vascular", predictor.variable.names = colnames(plant_richness_df)[5:21], distance.matrix = distance_matrix, distance.thresholds = c(0, 1000, 2000), n.cores = 1, verbose = FALSE ) #Incremental/multiscale Moran's I plot_moran(rf.model) #Moran's scatterplot plot_moran(rf.model, option = 2) }