Selects spatial predictors by adding them sequentially into a model while monitoring the Moran's I of the model residuals and the model's R-squared. Once all the available spatial predictors have been added to the model, the function identifies the first n predictors that minimize the spatial correlation of the residuals and maximize R-squared, and returns the names of the selected spatial predictors and a data frame with the selection criteria.

select_spatial_predictors_sequential(
  data = NULL,
  dependent.variable.name = NULL,
  predictor.variable.names = NULL,
  distance.matrix = NULL,
  distance.thresholds = NULL,
  ranger.arguments = NULL,
  spatial.predictors.df = NULL,
  spatial.predictors.ranking = NULL,
  weight.r.squared = 0.75,
  weight.penalization.n.predictors = 0.25,
  verbose = FALSE,
  n.cores = parallel::detectCores() - 1,
  cluster = NULL
)

Arguments

data

Data frame with a response variable and a set of predictors. Default: NULL

dependent.variable.name

Character string with the name of the response variable. Must be in the column names of data. Default: NULL

predictor.variable.names

Character vector with the names of the predictive variables. Every element of this vector must be in the column names of data. Default: NULL

distance.matrix

Squared matrix with the distances among the records in data. The number of rows of distance.matrix and data must be the same. If not provided, the computation of the Moran's I of the residuals is omitted. Default: NULL

distance.thresholds

Numeric vector with neighborhood distances. All distances in the distance matrix below each value in dustance.thresholds are set to 0 for the computation of Moran's I. If NULL, it defaults to seq(0, max(distance.matrix), length.out = 4). Default: NULL

ranger.arguments

Named list with ranger arguments (other arguments of this function can also go here). All ranger arguments are set to their default values except for 'importance', that is set to 'permutation' rather than 'none'. Please, consult the help file of ranger if you are not familiar with the arguments of this function.

spatial.predictors.df

Data frame of spatial predictors.

spatial.predictors.ranking

Ranking of the spatial predictors returned by rank_spatial_predictors().

weight.r.squared

Numeric between 0 and 1, weight of R-squared in the optimization index. Default: 0.75

weight.penalization.n.predictors

Numeric between 0 and 1, weight of the penalization for the number of spatial predictors added in the optimization index. Default: 0.25

verbose

Logical, ff TRUE, messages and plots generated during the execution of the function are displayed, Default: FALSE

n.cores

Integer, number of cores to use. Default: parallel::detectCores() - 1

cluster

A cluster definition generated by parallel::makeCluster(). Default: NULL

Value

A list with two slots: optimization, a data frame with the index of the spatial predictor added on each iteration, the spatial correlation of the model residuals, and the R-squared of the model, and best.spatial.predictors, that is a character vector with the names of the spatial predictors that minimize the Moran's I of the residuals and maximize the R-squared of the model.

Details

The algorithm works as follows: If the function rank_spatial_predictors returns 10 spatial predictors (sp1 to sp10, ordered from best to worst), select_spatial_predictors_sequential is going to fit the models y ~ predictors + sp1, y ~ predictors + sp1 + sp2, until all spatial predictors are used in y ~ predictors + sp1 ... sp10. The model with lower Moran's I of the residuals and higher R-squared (computed on the out-of-bag data) is selected, and its spatial predictors returned.

Examples

if(interactive()){ #loading example data data(distance_matrix) data(plant_richness_df) #common arguments dependent.variable.name = "richness_species_vascular" predictor.variable.names = colnames(plant_richness_df)[5:21] #non-spatial model model <- rf( data = plant_richness_df, dependent.variable.name = dependent.variable.name, predictor.variable.names = predictor.variable.names, distance.matrix = distance_matrix, distance.thresholds = 0, n.cores = 1 ) #preparing spatial predictors spatial.predictors <- mem_multithreshold( distance.matrix = distance.matrix, distance.thresholds = 0 ) #ranking spatial predictors by their Moran's I (faster option) spatial.predictors.ranking <- rank_spatial_predictors( ranking.method = "moran", spatial.predictors.df = spatial.predictors, reference.moran.i = model$spatial.correlation.residuals$max.moran, distance.matrix = distance.matrix, distance.thresholds = 0, n.cores = 1 ) #selecting the best subset of predictors selection <- select_spatial_predictors_sequential( data = plant_richness_df, dependent.variable.name = dependent.variable.name, predictor.variable.names = predictor.variable.names, distance.matrix = distance_matrix, distance.thresholds = 0, spatial.predictors.df = spatial.predictors, spatial.predictors.ranking = spatial.predictors.ranking, n.cores = 1 ) selection$optimization selection$best.spatial.predictors plot_optimization(selection$optimization) }